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(86) Page 66 (86) Page 66
66 Vitanlega er þetta ekki hárrjett, í strangasta skilningi. Þess ber nefnilega að gæta, aö ekkert mannlegt auga hefir enn sjeS frjóvgunina, þ. e. .sáSkorniö komast inn i egg konunnar; hið eiginlega upphaf meögöngutímans er þannig ókunnugt, og því augljóst, að ekki er unt að ákveða upp á hár lengd hans. Venjulega er þó þetta tal látið nægja; öðru máli er aS gegna, þegar rjettarrannsókna er krafist í getnaSarmálum; verSur þá aS hafa þaS hugfast, aS þessa 280 eSa 270 daga ber aS skoSa sem meSaltal, og getur munaS æSimiklu milli hinn-i ytstu takmarka, sem hugsast geta, á báSa bóga, og eru þau talin 320 og 240 dagar frá siSustu samförum karls og konu. — Þegar dæma skal um hvert einstakt tilfelli, verSur því aS taka tillit til alls þess, sem gæti hafa haft áhrif á þroska fóstursins í móSurkviSi, því aS ekki verður meS nákvæmri, áreiSanlegri vissu dæmt um aldur fóstursins, eingöngu eftir lengd þess og þyngd. — Þá er og þess aS gæta, aS lengd meSgöngutímans eykst nokkuS aS sama skapi og tala undangenginna fæSinga sömu konu; (um 3jH> dag ffa samförum og 5 daga frá tíSa-tíma- talinu). Þessi tímalengdar-auki helst á konurn til 35 ára ald- urs, en fer svo þverrandi aftur. SömuleiSis er þaS staSreynt, aS meSgöngutíminn getur lengst viS þaS, aS konan nýtur góSrar hvíldar líkamlega og andlega, — er gift (minni áhyggj- ur, minni kvíSi), hraustbygS og heilsugóS um meSgöngutim- ann. í fæSingarstofnunum sjást sjaldnar afburSa-stór börn heldur en í heimahúsum, því iaS þar (í heimahúsum) koma fyrir fleiri fjölbyrjur og eldri frumbyrjur, og konan hefir yfirleitt sætt betri lifskjörum og aSbúnaSi. ÞaS er kallaS, aS kona sje fullgengin með, þegar hún á sínum tíma fæSir fullburSa fóstur, þ. e. svo þroskaS, sem þaS er aS meSaltali, eftir 280 daga meSgöngutíma, taliS frá fyrsta degi þeirra daga, er hún hafSi síSast á klæSum. — ÞaS er kallaS, aS kona hafi yfir eSa f r a m y f i r, þegar hún gengur lengur með en 280 daga, og þykir sannaS, að þetta komi fyrir; dæmi eru til, aS kona hefir gengiS með 321 dag, taliS frá síSasta samræSi, og 334 daga frá síSustu tíSum. Er taliS svo til, aS af 233 fæSingum komi 1 fæSing fyrir svo, aS meSgöngutíminn ha,fi veriS yfir 302 daga, taliS
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(411) Rear Flyleaf
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